What Is Arthroplasty in Spine Surgery?

by | Jun 30, 2023 | Blog

Spine surgery is a complex medical procedure that aims to alleviate pain and improve the mobility of patients suffering from spinal conditions. One of the methods used in spine surgery is arthroplasty, which involves the replacement of a damaged or degenerated spinal disc with an artificial disc. Arthroplasty is an advanced surgical technique that has been used over the years to treat spinal conditions that cause back pain and discomfort. 

 What is Arthroplasty? 

Arthroplasty involves the replacement of a damaged spinal disc with an artificial disc, which helps to reduce pain and stiffness in the spine. The procedure is also known as disc replacement surgery since it replaces the damaged spinal disc with an artificial one. The artificial disc is designed to mimic the functions of the natural disc, providing stability and flexibility to the spine.  

Candidates for Arthroplasty 

Arthroplasty is not suitable for everyone. A patient’s eligibility for the procedure depends on several factors such as the severity of their condition, their age, and their medical history. Patients with degenerative disc disease, herniated disc, spinal stenosis, or other conditions that cause spinal nerve compression, may be eligible for arthroplasty.  

Benefits of Arthroplasty 

One of the most significant benefits of arthroplasty is that it allows patients to regain their mobility and flexibility. The artificial disc allows natural movement of the spine, and this helps to reduce stiffness and pain. The procedure also reduces the risk of complications associated with traditional spinal surgery, such as spinal fusion. Additionally, arthroplasty has a shorter recovery period, and patients can return to their regular activities within a short period.  

Arthroplasty Procedure 

The arthroplasty procedure takes about two hours to complete, and it involves general anesthesia. During surgery, the surgeon makes an incision in the patient’s abdomen or back, and the damaged spinal disc is removed, and the artificial disc is inserted between the vertebrae. The surgeon then confirms that the artificial disc is functioning correctly, and the incision is closed.  

Recovery After Arthroplasty 

Recovery after arthroplasty varies between patients, and it largely depends on the severity of the patient’s condition. The surgeon will guide you on when you can resume your daily activities, including work and exercise. Patients usually have to avoid heavy lifting or strenuous activities for the first few weeks after surgery. In some situations, patients may require physical therapy in addition to medications to help them regain their mobility and flexibility.  

In conclusion, arthroplasty is a modern surgical technique that is used in spine surgery to replace damaged spinal discs with artificial discs. This procedure has numerous benefits over traditional spinal surgery, including reduced recovery time, increased mobility, reduced risk of complications, and prolonged disc health. However, the procedure is not for everyone, and it requires thorough evaluation by a qualified surgeon to determine its suitability. If you’re eligible for arthroplasty, the approach is an excellent solution to help improve your quality of life. 



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